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Scientific Name: Prosopis juliflora (Sw.) DC.
Family: Fabaceae
Mesquite (Prosopis juliflora)
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Recommended Temperature Zone:
USDA: 7-11

Frost Tolerance: Hardy to 0F (-18C)

Sun Exposure: Full sun

Origin: Coastal, from Mexico south to Columbia and Venezuela, and islands of the Caribbean.

Growth Habits: Deciduous tree, up to 30 feet tall (9 m), 20 feet spread (6 m)

Watering Needs: Regular to little water

Propagation: Seeds, root suckers, hardwood cuttings

The Mesquite has been introduced in Asia and Africa and is now wide spread in the semi-arid areas of the world. In many areas, it is considered a weed. Here in Arizona, it is a drought resistant small tree, very useful in gardens for the light shade it provides.

Fruiting Habits:
The Mesquite pods have been used since prehistory as food by the men of the Americas. The pod can be ground to make a flour that can be mixed with wheat flour for cooking.

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