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Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. Illustrated flora of the northern states and Canada. Vol. 2: 339. Courtesy of Kentucky Native Plant Society.
Recommended Temperature Zone:|
Sun Exposure: Full sun
Origin: East-Central United States
Growth Habits: Deciduous tree, moderately fast growing to 50 to 100 feet tall (15-30 m) or more; thorny trunk and lower branches; the leaves are 6 to 8 inches long (15-20 cm), pinnately compound with 15 to 30 leaflets or bipinnately compound with 4 to 7 pairs of pinnae
Watering Needs: Little to moderate water
Propagation: Seeds, grafting, budding, and cuttings (hardwood, softwood, and root cuttings)